KUALA LUMPUR: Malaysia’s first carbon credit rating company hopes to see other states follow Kelantan’s move after the state gave the company 25% of its land mass for forest preservation and to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Under the United Nations (UN) collaborative programme called Reducing Environment from Deforestation and Degradation, or REDD, Climate Change Protector Sdn Bhd (CCP) was given 396,000ha of forest to preserve the flora and fauna of the region. The company, specialising in renewable and sustainable energy, received the project under REDD for a 30-year concession period with the Kelantan government. CCP CEO Tang Too Siah said the recent memorandum of agreement (MoA) signed on Jan 9 was the Kelantan government’s initiative to protect the region from illegal and legal mining activities. “The size (of the area) is enormous, this is the first time the government has given 25% of its land mass to such a commitment,” he told Bernama. The overall development goal of the programme was to reduce forest emissions and to enhance carbon stocks in the forest while contributing to national sustainable development, Tang added. In the context of forest, carbon stock refers to the amount of carbon stored in the world’s forest ecosystem, mainly in living biomass and soil. A dossier released by Greenpeace International in March 2013 on Identifying High Carbon Stock Forest for Protection states that tropical forests hold large stores of carbon, harbours important biodiversity and are critical for the livelihoods of many local communities. Tang highlighted that the conversion of these forests to agriculture or plantation was one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases. “CO2 is one of the main causes of greenhouse effect ... it is mostly produced by the manufacturing industries. Since CCP is a carbon credit trading company, our goal is to offset the emission of CO2 via our preservation,” he said. Currently, industries are allocated with a certain amount of pollution in the form of tradable certificate or permit that allows the right to emit one tonne of CO2 or another greenhouse gas. Tang said once the industries reached their quota, they must buy more carbon credits to exceed their current limit. “Right now, the company is targeting the European market.” On the prospect of this initiative, he said there would be positive cash flow between the state government and the company, which was expected at 55% and 45% of earnings, respectively. “The returns would be seen after the scientific evaluation and verification on how much carbon stock we can get. This will be done by certified UN auditors within 24 months from the date of the MoA signing,” he said. In addition to profit returns, the state would receive the latest drone, thermal scanning and surveillance technology, derived from the project for free. “A joint task force would be formed to monitor the area for any illegal activities. The company will engage the latest technology, which will then be handed over to the government for free, including hardware and software,” Tang said.